Of all the 4Cs, Cut has the greatest effect on a diamond’s beauty. In deter- mining the quality of the cut, the diamond grader evaluates the cutter’s skill in the fashioning of the diamond. The more precise the cut, the more capti- vating the diamond is to the eye.
Color Gem-quality diamonds occur in many hues. In the range from colourless to light yellow or light brown. Colourless diamonds are the rarest. Other natural colors (blue, red, pink for example) are known as “fancy”, and their color grading is different than from white colorless diamonds.
Diamonds can have internal character- istics known as inclusions or external characteristics known as blemishes. Diamonds without inclusions or blemishes are rare; however, most characteristics can only be seen with magnification.
The carat is the diamond’s physical weight measured in metric carats. One carat equals 1/5 gram and is subdivided into 100 points. Carat weight is the most objective grade of the 4Cs.